পৃষ্ঠাসমূহ

শুক্রবার, ২৮ জুন, ২০১৩

Law articles

Creative Commons Licenseby sayed taufiq ullah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.                         

Cyber frontier in fight against crime and cyber law: stillunaware Bangladesh & the world.





Cyber crime is criminal activity done using computers and the Internet.This includes anything from downloading illegal music files to stealing millions of dollars from online bank accounts. Cyber crime also includes non-monetary offenses, such as creating and distributing viruses on other computers or posting confidential business information on the Internet.
Cyber crime:
Perhaps the most prominent form of cyber crime is identity theft, in
which criminals use the Internet to steal personal information from
other users. Two of the most common ways this is done is through
phishing and pharming. Both of these methods lure users to fake
websites (that appear to be legitimate), where they are asked to enter
personal information. This includes login information, such as
usernames and passwords, phone numbers, addresses, credit card
numbers, bank account numbers, and other information criminals can
use to "steal" another person's identity. For this reason, it is smart to
always check the URL or Web address of a site to make sure it is
legitimate before entering your personal information.
Parents, teachers, non-profits, government, and industry have
been working hard to protect kids online. However, we also need to
think about protecting the Internet from kids who might abuse it.
The Department of Justice categorizes computer crime in three ways:
The computer as a target - attacking the computers of others
(spreading viruses is an example). The computer as a weapon - using a
computer to commit "traditional crime" that we see in the physical
world (such as fraud or illegal gambling).
The computer as an accessory - using a computer as a "fancy filing
cabinet" to store illegal or stolen information.
Reports of alleged computer crime have been a hot news item of late.
Especially alarming is the realization that many of the masterminds
behind these criminal acts are mere kids. In fact, children no longer
need to be highly skilled in order to execute cyber crimes. "Hacker
tools" are easily available on the Net and, once downloaded, can be
used by even novice computer users. This greatly expands the
population of possible wrongdoers. Children (and in some cases - their
parents) often think that shutting down or defacing Web sites or
releasing network viruses are amusing pranks. Kids might not even
realize that what they are doing is illegal. Still other kids might find
themselves hanging out online with skilled hackers who share hacking
tools with them and encourage them to do inappropriate things online.
Unfortunately, some of these kids don't realize that they are
committing crimes until it is too late. Even more distressing and
difficult to combat is the fact that some in the media portray the
computer criminal as a modern day Robin Hood. Nothing could be
further from the truth.
So what are cyber crimes? Can the law enforcement authorities find
criminals online? How can you create context for your children to
understand what cyber crimes are? The following information (and
areas throughout the site) will help familiarize you with unethical and
illegal online behavior. Additionally, to learn more about cyber crime
visit the Department of Justice Computer Crime & Intellectual Property
Section's website at www.cybercrime.gov. The Computer Emergency
Response Team (CERT) at www.cert.org and the National
Infrastructure Protection Center at the FBI
atwww.infragard.net provides regularly updated information and
descriptions of cyber crimes.
Because cyber crime covers such a broad scope of criminal activity, the
examples above are only a few of the thousands of crimes that are
considered cyber crimes. While computers and the Internet have made
our lives easier in many ways, it is unfortunate that people also use
these technologies to take advantage of others. Therefore, it is smart
to protect yourself by using antivirus and spy ware blocking software
and being careful where you enter your personal information.

Cyber Ethics:
Applying Old Values to a New Medium
An old adage tells us "Character is what you do when no one is
watching."
So it is with the Internet. Online, people can feel invisible and capable
of doing things they normally wouldn't do in person or in public - things
that they know might be wrong. As the Internet becomes an
indispensable tool for everyday life, it is more important than ever to
dust off the concept of "citizenship" and apply it to the online world.
Relatively new terms, "cyber citizenship", "cyber ethics", and
"netiquette" refer to responsible cyber social behavior. These terms
refer to what people do online when no one else is looking. As our kids
go online in increasing numbers, cyber ethics is a critical lesson,
especially since poor e-habits can start at an early age. Unfortunately,
we are learning all too well that children armed with computers can be
dangerous and cause serious damage and harm, regardless of whether
they are being mischievous or trying to intentionally commit cyber
crimes.
stay safe!
still unaware, Bangladesh:
In Bangladesh, a draft Bill on Information and Communication
Technology has been introduced in the Parliament.
The final report on the Law on Information Technology was approved
by the Office of the Law Commission in its meeting dated 08.09.2002.
The Proposal:
Chapter VII on Penalties and Adjudication and Chapter IX on Offenses
include some cyber crime provisions that prohibit attacks or
unauthorized access to computers and computer systems.
Chapter IX: Section 66. Punishment for tampering with computer
source documents
Whoever intentionally or knowingly conceals, destroys or alters or
intentionally or knowingly causes any other person to conceal, destroy
or alter any computer source code used for a computer, computer
program, computer system or computer network, when the computer
source code is required to be kept or maintained by any law for the
time being in force, shall be punishable with imprisonment of either
description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine
which may extend to Taka two lakes, or with both.
Explanation.- For the purpose of this section, “computer source code”
means the listing of programmers, computer commands, design and
layout and program analysis of computer resource in any form.

Section 67. Hacking with computer system.Whoever, with the intent to cause or knowing that he is likely to cause
wrongful loss or damages to the public or any other person, does any
act and thereby destroys, deletes or alters any information residing in a
computer resource or diminishes its value or utility or affects it
injuriously by any means, commits the offense of “hacking”.
Section 68. Punishment for hacking
-Whoever commits hacking shall be punished with imprisonment of
either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with
fine which may extend to Taka two lakhs, or with both.
Now we can understand that the Cyber crime encompasses any
criminal act dealing with computers and networks (called hacking).
Additionally, cyber crime also includes traditional crimes conducted
through the Internet. For example; hate crimes, telemarketing and
Internet fraud, identity theft, and credit card account thefts are
considered to be cyber crimes when the illegal activities are committed
through the use of a computer and the Internet.
edited by s.T.ullah © 2012
Have you ever wondered which countries face the most cyber crime?
If you have ever wondered which countries have the most cyber crime,
then you may be surprised to know that there are few contributing
factors that attract cyber criminals to specific regions of the world.
Security research firm, Symantec, has discovered specific factors that
determine why a certain country is plagued with cyber crime more so
or less than another which allowed them to come up with a ranking for
each.
Symantec has ranked 20 countries that face, or cause, the most cyber
crime. In compiling such a list, Symantec was able to quantify software
code that interferes with a computer’s normal functions, rank zombie
systems, and observe the number of websites that host phishing sites,
which are designed to trick computer users into disclosing personal
data or banking account information. Symantec was also able to obtain
data including the number of boot-infected systems which are those
controlled by cyber criminals, rank countries where cyber attacks
initiated and factor in the a higher rate of cyber crime in countries that
have more access to broadband connections. The highest rate of cyber
crime was found to be in the United States which may mainly
contribute to the broad range of available broadband connections,
which are those that allow uninterrupted internet connectivity.
All of the contributing factors allowed Symantec to effectively rank a
top 20 list of countries that have the most cyber crime.
List of Top 20 Countries with the highest rate of Cyber crime (source:
Business Week/Symantec)
Each country lists 6 contributing factors, share of malicious computer
activity, malicious code rank, spam zombies rank, phishing web site
hosts rank, boot rank and attack origin, to substantiate its cyber crime
ranking "The summit is unique in that it is a meeting of the minds of cybersecurity
experts, researchers and government policy makers from
around the world," he said.
By running this annual meeting, the university hopes to help achieve a
future which is as free as possible from cyber-crime and cyber-conflict.
The keynote speaker is Eugene Kaspersky, a Russian expert who
founded Europe's largest anti-virus company.
He said cyber-crime is unfortunately a very successful enterprise.
"Cyber-criminals have a very easy job because they're just software
engineers," he said.
"It's very hard to find them so it's a low-risk business.
"They make a lot of money."
According to Scotland Yard, cyber-crime costs the UK economy £27bn
per year.
Cyber-security is not a national problem, it's international”
Dr Douglas Maughan US Department of Homeland Security
Governments are taking the issue increasingly more seriously.
They are also considering the implications of online weapons being
deployed in wars.
For example, electricity grids are often run by computers. So, in theory,
one country could disrupt another's power network in a cyber-attack.
Using a cyber-weapon is very dangerous because it's a boomerang
which will strike back at you," he said.

ReF info:
http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150582521692014
http://be.net/feelingpractitioner
http://www.cybercitizenship.org/ethics/ethics.html
www.cybercitizenship.org/crime/crime.html
www.naavi.org/pati/pati_cybercrimes_dec03.htm
www.techterms.com/definition/cybercrime
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-17409481

http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/C/cyber_crime.html
Follow Us
Enabling AdSense on your blog - Blogger Help Follow Us

Poetry -2

Creative Commons Licenseby sayed taufiq ullah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.                         
জীবন একটা অঙ্কের যোগ-বিয়োগ ফলাফল

প্রাণের কাছে দামি সবই জীবন যন্ত্র হয়ে
এটাকে এরা পৃযিুক্তি বলছে! বিশ্বায়ন বলে অক্ষায়িত
চমৎকার, এদের কান্ডকারখানা
এরা বিবেকের হাতকড়া পরে শরীরের মুখশে আবৃত

জন্মান্তরের নাড়িকাটা ব্যথার মত, সেই মাতৃ জরায়ূর মত
বিনিয়োগ বোর্ড অবজারভার খাতা মিলিয়ে দেখছে
সব ঠিকঠাক হচ্ছে কিনা?

খাতাবন্ধ যেদিন হবে একটা রূপান্তর ঘটবেই
এই যে ভাবে আজ আমরা মানুষ

g„Z¨y(iƒcvšÍi I bZzb ïiæ)

Avwg Awfkß GK LÛ Av¸‡bi dzwé, jwÿ U¨viv †Pv‡Li gZb Kjw¼Z
Avgvi †RŠjmgq cZb †Rvovfziæ n‡q hvq|
Avgvi †eu‡P _vKv gv‡b Av‡iv wKQz Amgvß wbj©¾Zvi `xN©vqb|
Avgvi hvÎv, RivMÖ¯’ i„‡Y fvivµvšÍ  `y`Û `ytmgq, avi K‡i †e‡P AvwQ
Guv‡K †e‡P _vKv e‡j wKbv Rvwb bv, Z‡e Avi avi K‡i bq
G w`b K‡e dziv‡e Rvwb bv, ZeyI †kl n‡Z n‡e; Rvwb †kl n‡e bv
G R¡vjv dziv‡j Rj‡e †K Av¸‡bi Avg¯¿‡Y|

me `iRv ¸‡jv eÜ, me Rbvjvq †jvnvi †kKj,
Pvicv‡k KvUv Zv‡ii †eov, a~mi `xN©Kvj, e‡Çv †ekx j¤^v|

G`nb cxovi ÿZ‡Z by‡bi †cÖg, †Pv‡L †V‡U Mv‡j †j‡M Av‡Q b‡Li †LvPvq
¯^cœ ï‡l Lvq, Avi KZ Kvj Pj‡e?

†n cÖfz e‡Üv K‡iv A_ev wbe©vY jv‡fi w`‡K †h‡Z `vI!
bZzb ïiæ wnmv‡e  g„Z¨yi c_ `vI|
wKQzB hw` bv cvi w`‡Z Z‡e Avgvq ÿgv K‡iv
KviY Zzwg eva¨, Zzwg Avgvi m„ó bI, Avwg †ZvgviB m„ó!

hw` Avgv‡K Avgvi `vwqZ¡ wb‡Z nq Z‡e

Avgv‡K nZ¨vi `vqgyw³ `vI, cªfz! 
যা ব্যবহার আজও মানুষ ধরার ফাঁদ হিসাবে ব্যবহার করছে
Enabling AdSense on your blog - Blogger Help

Google+ Badge

send or tell a frind

voice of the protestant


take a look!

Translate

Sayed Taufiq Ullah